Chitwan is situated in Rapti valley in subtropical land of Terai(plains). Owing to its rich adornment of nature, Chitwan National Park was declared UNESCO Natural Heritage Site in 1984. The park that includes in its area a part of the Shivalik Hills, is covered with deciduous forests overlooking the flood plains of Naryani, Rapti and Reu rivers and offering a wilderness of rich ecosystem that includes mammals, birds, reptiles and many amphibians of various kinds.
There are around 600, plant species, 50 over mammals , 500 over birds, 50 over amphibians and repiles are found around the park. It is one of the few remaining habitat of Royal Bengal tiger and great one horned rhinoceros. Small herd of wild elephants are occasionally seen. There are scientific research projects funded by WWF (World Wild Life Fund) and international organization to understand ecology, behavior and preserve species like rhino, tiger and deer. There is breeding center for nearly extinct Gharials - crocodile. Tharus are an inhabitant of this place and the culture adds a distinct touch to the Chitwan experience in a colorful way. There are also sites of historical importance at Devghat. Pandavnagar, Balmiki Ashram, and Kabilaspur.
How to get there?
Driving distance 140kms 5 hours drive OR Fly Chitwan (Nearest airport is Bharatpur 10kms drive)
Note: Oct/March - when sky is clear and average temp. 25 degrees)
April to June - Hot above 40 degrees
July to Sept : Rainy
- Short & Long Sleeve Shirts - Long sleeved is for protection from the sun and insects in the evenings.
- Shorts & Trousers - again, long trousers can protect from the sun & insects
- Swim wear for on the river
- Shoes - Comfortable trainers/shoes and a pair of sandals. You will need some type of hiking or safari boot if you plan on any walking safaris.
- Binoculars Camera
- Personal first-aid kit and wash kit
- Guidebooks, maps, etc
- Water bottle
- Insect Repellent
- Sunscreen and lip protector
- Sunglasses (with retaining device) and/or a cap
- Personal medication
- Reading book